Basic Foot Care

1. Daily Inspection

- It is a must for every person with diabetes.

- Look out for blisters, sores, hard skin formation, swelling, redness, cracks on the heels, ingrown toe nails and so forth.

- Check the skin in between toe space for fungal infection.

- Use mirrors to see bottom of your feet.

- If your vision is poor, ask someone to inspect your feet.

- If you notice anything out of ordinary get professional help immediately.

- Early intervention helps to save your feet.

- Every 30 seconds a foot is lost somewhere in the world

2. Foot Hygiene

- Wash feet with lukewarm water and a mild soap.

- Dry feet well. Pay special attention to in between toes.

- Do not use hot water because it may burn your feet.

- Do not soak your feet

3. Skin Care

- Keep your skin soft and subtle.

- Apply a thin coat of lotion all over the feet. Avoid in between toes.

- Dry skin tend to itch, scratching may cause injury to the skin.

- Cover all wound with proper dressing.

4. Toe Nails

- Trim toenails straight across and file the edges.

- Cutting toenails rounded may cause ingrown toe nails.

- Some nails may be too thick and overgrown. Get professional help from a foot care clinic or a podiatrist.

- Cut toe nails after a bath for easy cutting.

5. Do Not Self Treat

- Do not self treat corns, calluses (hard skin) and in growing toe nails.

- Do not apply any form of acid base medication or corn plasters as it may cause acid burn to your skin.

- See your health care provider for help.

6. Foot Exercise

- Foot exercise is key to foot health.

- Stretching out your Achilles tendon and tendons in the balls of your feet and toes can increase mobility.

- A stiff foot can lead to great stress and foot pain.

7. Foot Circulation

- Put your feet up when you are sitting down. This helps with circulation in the feet.

- Do not cross your legs when sitting down. If you need, then uncross and switch leg that goes on top often.

- Do not smoke. It can affect circulation in your feet and lead to serious complication like peripheral arterial disease.

8. Blood Sugar Control

- Keep your blood glucose levels within the target values.

- Out of control blood glucose levels will invite foot complication like neuropathy (lost of sensation), dry skin and heel cracks.

9. Protect Your Feet

- Do not walk barefooted both indoor and outdoor.

- Wear well fitted shoes.

- Most foot problems either begin with or are made worse by ill fitting shoes.

- Hammertoes, Neuroma and bunions are conditions in which the foot begins to take the shape of the shoe

10. Always wear socks with footwear.

- Choose your socks to keep your feet cool.

- Change your socks daily or twice daily.

- Make sure your feet are dry when pitting on your socks.

- Always wear a clean and well fitting sock to protect from friction and shoe bite.

- Choose a seamless sock and a sock appropriate for people with diabetes.